2017 Economic Calendar
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Released On 8/30/2017 8:30:00 AM For Q2(p):2017
PriorConsensusConsensus RangeActual
Real GDP - Q/Q change - SAAR2.6 %2.8 %2.5 % to 3.0 %3.0 %
GDP price index - Q/Q change - SAAR1.0 %1.0 %1.0 % to 1.0 %1.0 %
Real Consumer Spending – Q/Q change – SAAR2.8 %3.0 %2.8 % to 3.5 %3.3 %

The second-quarter proved to be very solid, revised 4 tenths higher in the second estimate to a 3.0 percent annualized rate. And strength is centered where it must be as consumer spending is now at a 3.3 percent rate for a 5 tenths upward revision.

Non-residential investment was also a positive, at a 6.9 percent rate following the prior quarter's 7.2 percent showing. Residential investment, however, was a drag on the second quarter, at a negative 6.5 percent rate that followed a positive 11.1 percent rate in the first quarter. Government purchases were negative for a second straight quarter, at minus 0.3 percent following a minus 0.6 percent first-quarter showing. Both second-quarter net exports and inventories were slightly positive.

But prices were very weak in the quarter, at a 1.0 percent rate overall and 1.1 percent for the core. Inflation aside, the second quarter marked a solid though not exceptional reversal of the first quarter's 1.2 percent pace and points to constructive momentum going into the third quarter.

Consensus Outlook
The second estimate for second-quarter GDP is expected to improve from the first, to a consensus 2.8 percent vs the initial 2.6 percent rate. The consumer spending component is also expected to improve with the consensus at 3.0 percent vs an initial 2.9 percent. Inventories were slightly negative in the first estimate with net exports slightly positive. Inflation data have been very soft, at 1.0 percent for the GDP price index in the first estimate with 1.0 percent also expected for the second.

Gross Domestic Product represents the total value of the country's production during the period and consists of the purchases of domestically-produced goods and services by individuals, businesses, foreigners and government entities. Data are available in nominal and real (inflation-adjusted) dollars, as well as in index form. Economists and market players always monitor the real growth rates generated by the GDP quantity index or the real dollar value. The quantity index measures inflation-adjusted activity, but we are more accustomed to looking at dollar values.

Household purchases are counted in personal consumption expenditures -- durable goods (such as furniture and cars), nondurable goods (such as clothing and food) and services (such as banking, education and transportation). Private housing purchases are classified as residential investment. Businesses invest in nonresidential structures, durable equipment and computer software. Inventories at all stages of production are counted as investment. Only inventory changes, not levels, are added to GDP.

Net exports equal the sum of exports less imports. Exports are the purchases by foreigners of goods and services produced in the United States. Imports represent domestic purchases of foreign-produced goods and services and must be deducted from the calculation of GDP. Government purchases of goods and services are the compensation of government employees and purchases from businesses and abroad. Data show the portion attributed to consumption and investment. Government outlays for transfer payments or interest payments are not included in GDP.

The GDP price index is a comprehensive indicator of inflation. It is typically lower than the consumer price index because investment goods (which are in the GDP price index but not the CPI) tend to have lower rates of inflation than consumer goods and services. Note that contributions of each component, as averaged over the prior year, are tracked in the table below (components do not exactly sum to total due to chain-weighted methodology). Consumption expenditures, otherwise known as consumer spending, has over history been steadily making up an increasing share of GDP.  Why Investors Care
Real GDP growth is always quoted at a quarterly annual rate. It measures how much the economy has grown over a three-month period. Quarterly growth rates are often volatile consequently, economists also like to look at the year-over-year growth in GDP. The yearly changes tend to be more stable.
Data Source: Haver Analytics
It is common to compare quarterly changes at annual rates in the GDP deflator. These can be volatile, just like the quarterly swings in real GDP growth as a result, the trend in inflation is better determined by year- over- year changes.
Data Source: Haver Analytics

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