The January Gallup Good Jobs (GGJ) rate was 44.8 percent, up one-tenth of a point from 44.7 percent in December. While this is not a statistically significant increase, the current rate is the highest for any January since tracking the measure began in 2010. One year ago this month, the U.S. GGJ rate was 44.7 percent.
The percentage of U.S. adults who participated in the workforce in January in any capacity -- by working full time, working part time, or not working but actively seeking and being available for work -- was 67.4 percent. This was up almost a full percentage point from 66.5 percent in December and is statistically even with the rate measured in November 2016 (67.5 percent).
Gallup's unadjusted U.S. unemployment rate in January was 5.8 percent, up from 5.2 percent in December, and 4.9 percent in November 2016 -- the lowest rate Gallup has recorded. Gallup's U.S. unemployment rate represents the percentage of adults in the workforce who did not have any paid work in the past seven days, either for an employer or for themselves, and who were actively looking for and available to work.
Gallup's measure of underemployment in January was 14.1 percent, up from 13.7 percent in December, and 1.4 points higher than the low point measured in October 2016 (12.7 percent). Gallup's U.S. underemployment rate combines the percentage of adults in the workforce who are unemployed (5.8 percent) with those who are working part time but desire full-time work (8.3 percent).
Gallup tracks daily the employment status of the U.S. population and the workforce. Based on an individual's responses to the question series, Gallup classifies respondents into one of six employment categories: employed full time for an employer; employed full time for self; employed part time, but do not want to work full time; employed part time, but want to work full time; unemployed; and out of the workforce. The data are based on a nationally representative sample of 29,000 interviews, including 18,000 in the workforce. Daily results reflect 30-day rolling averages.
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