2017 Economic Calendar
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2-Yr FRN Note Auction  
Released On 9/27/2017 11:30:00 AM For 9/27/2017 11:30:00 AM
Auction Results
Total Amount$13.0 B 
Bid/Cover3.46 
Discount Margin0.055% 

Highlights
Demand was very strong for the monthly auction of 2-year floating rate notes. Coverage for the $13 billion offering is the highest of the year, at 3.46 vs 3.09 in the August auction, while the high margin narrowed to 0.055 percent from 0.060 percent in the last two auctions. The Treasury auctions $34 billion of 5-year notes at 1:00 p.m. ET today.

Definition
A FRN (floating rate note) is a security that has an interest payment that can change over time. As interest rates rise, the security's interest payments will increase. Similarly, as interest rates fall, the security's interest payments will decrease. The FRN is the first addition to the Treasury's offerings since inflation protected notes were introduced in 1997. Floating rate notes offer investors a chance to gain yield when interest rates rise and with short-term interest rates very low at the time of the introduction, they offer investors a low risk, high quality alternative to Treasury bills and their associated rollover costs.

For the Treasury, the notes will help it attract new investors and, as a funding substitute to T-bills, will help limit its short-term cash needs. The notes also limit rollover risk, that is the Treasury's dependence on bill holders to rollover their holdings with each new bill issue. But there is risk for the Treasury as substituting 2-year floating notes for short-term bills exposes it to a rise in interest rates, an increase that would increase its borrowing costs. Treasury FRNs will be indexed to the most recent 13-week Treasury bill auction High Rate, which is the highest accepted discount rate in a Treasury bill auction.  Why Investors Care
 
[Chart]

Data Source: Haver Analytics
 
[Chart]
The graph shows the high discount margin for 2-year Floating rate notes as determined by bidding at auctions, and is the return earned by the investor on top of the return from the 3-month T-bill rate, which is reset weekly according to 3-month T- bill auction. In a new issue, the high discount margin becomes the permanently attached spread, indicating the percentage basis points added to the bill rate at each weekly reset. In post-auction trading on the market, the discount margin of the 2-year FRN note is likely to change from the auction rate through price adjustment. At reopening auctions of the 2-year FRN, which are frequent, the initial spread remains, but a different high discount margin may be determined by bidding through price adjustment.
Data Source: Haver Analytics
 

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