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EIA Petroleum Status Report  
Released On 3/21/2018 10:30:00 AM For wk3/16, 2018
Crude oil inventories [weekly change]5.0 M barrels-2.6 M barrels
Gasoline [weekly change]-6.3 M barrels-1.7 M barrels
Distillates [weekly change]-4.4 M barrels-2.0 M barrels

Crude oil inventories fell 2.6 million barrels in the March 16 week to 428.3 million, 19.7 percent below their level a year ago. Product inventories also declined, with gasoline down 1.7 million barrels to 243.1 million, 0.2 percent below last year at this time and distillates down 2.0 million barrels to 131.0 million, 15.7 percent lower than a year ago. Although the American Petroleum Institute, a private industry group, reported similar declines Tuesday in its report and crude oil prices had already risen in reaction, the first EIA drawdown in crude oil inventories in four weeks nevertheless lifted WTI prices by another 40 cents to around $64.60 per barrel immediately following the release of the EIA report.

Refineries operated at 91.7 percent of their operable capacity during the week, up 1.7 percentage points from the prior week. But gasoline production decreased by 400,000 barrels per day to an average of 9.9 million barrel per day, while the production of distillates increased slightly, averaging 4.5 million barrels per day.

Crude oil imports fell again and were down by 508,000 barrels per day from the prior week, averaging about 7.1 million barrels per day. The 4-week average remained at 7.5 million barrels per day, 4.8 percent less than in the same period last year.

Domestic crude oil production over the last four weeks averaged 10.4 million barrels per day, up a sharp 14.0 percent from the level a year ago.

Overall product demand increased from already strong levels, with total product supplied over the last four weeks averaging 20.5 million barrels per day, up 4.9 percent from the same period last year. But demand for the main product categories was mixed, with motor gasoline supplied rising slightly to an average of 9.3 million barrels per day, though the year-on-year gain shrank to 1.9 percent, while distillate product supplied fell to an average of 3.9 million barrels per day, down 4.5 percent from the level a year ago.

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) provides weekly information on petroleum inventories in the U.S., whether produced here or abroad. The level of inventories helps determine prices for petroleum products.  Why Investors Care
As is evident from the chart, crude oil stocks can fluctuate dramatically over the year. When oil prices nearly reached $50 per barrel in August 2004, financial market players began to monitor crude oil inventories. It is not surprising to see sharp price hikes in crude oil when inventories are falling. Conversely, one would expect price declines when inventories are rising.
Data Source: Haver Analytics

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